Jakarta is the capital city of the Republic of Indonesia, a nation composed of over 13, 000 islands with a population of over 180 million. Comprising over 300 ethnic groups speaking 200 distinct languages, the Indonesia population exhibits marked diversity in its own linguistic, culture, and religious traditions. As the Capital City, Jakarta is a melting pot of reps from each of those ethnic groups. Jakarta is a special territory enjoying the status of a state, consisting of Greater Jakarta, covering of 637.44 sq km area. Situated on the northern shore of West Java, it’s the middle of government, commerce and industry and has a comprehensive communication network with the rest of the nation and the outside world.
Strategically located on the archipelago, the town is also the main Gateway into the rest of Indonesia. From the Capital City, sophisticated land, air, and sea transportation is available to the rest of the nation and beyond. Jakarta is one of Indonesia’s designated tourist areas. It’s a gateway to other destinations for tourist in Indonesia and is outfitted with the methods of modern transportation by sea, air, rail, or from land. It’s the biggest and the most modern airport in the nation, the most crucial refuge in Indonesia and is well connected by rail to good routes to other destinations in Java, Sumatra and Bali.
As Indonesia’s main gateway, Soekarno Hatta International Airport serves an increasing number of international airlines and domestic flights. Jakarta is a town of contrasts, the traditional and the modern, the wealthy and the poor, the sacral and the worldly, frequently stand side by side in this bustling metropolis. Even its inhabitants gathered from all these various cultural and ethnic groups, which write Indonesia, are continuously juxtaposed present reminder of the national motto, Unity in Diversity. Finding its origin in a small ancient sixteenth century sanctuary city of Sunda Kelapa, Jakarta’s heritage is supposed to have taken place on June 22, 1527, when it was re named Jayakarta, meaning Glorious Victory from the conquering Prince Fatahillah from neighboring Cirebon.
The Dutch East Indies Company, which captured the city and destroyed it in 1619, changed its name to Batavia and made it the centre For the expansion of their power from the East Indies. Shortly after the outbreak of World War II, Batavia dropped in the hands of the invading Japanese forces which changed the name of the city in Jakarta as a gesture to win the sympathy of Indonesians. The name was kept after Indonesia achieved national independence after the war’s conclusion. The ethnic of Jakarta known as Orang Betawi speaks Betawi Malay, spoken as well in the neighboring towns like Bekasi and Tangerang. Their speech, Betawi Malay, has two variants: traditional Betawi Malay, spoken by older People and bred in Jakarta, and contemporary Jakarta Malay, a design form spoken by the younger generation and migrants.